Cardiovascular Procedures – Heart Valve Replacement
Cardiovascular procedures are performed on the heart or major vessels by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is done to deal with problems of ischemic heart disease (for instance, coronary artery bypass grafting), to correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart problem from different causes consisting of endocarditis, rheumatic heart and atherosclerosis. It also consists of heart transplantation.
Heart Valve Replacement with International Med Retreat
Heart Valve Replacement surgical treatment is the replacement of one or more of the heart valves with either a synthetic heart valve or a bioprosthesis (homograft from human cells or xenograft e.g. from pig). It is performed as a corrective treatment due to Heart Valve Disease which results in a valve needing to be replaced. This procedure is a substitute to valve repair.
What is Heart Valve Disease?
Heart Valve disease is where one of the four valves does not work correctly and may have difficulty opening or closing causing blood to flow inefficiently requiring the heart to work harder. The valve not opening fully is known as Stenosis and the valve failing to close properly and leak is known as insufficiency or regurgitation.
While in some cases repairing the valve is possible, many patients with Heart Valve Disease have valves that are beyond repair and therefore require Heart Valve Replacement. Patients can receive prosthetic valves which are usually made of stainless steel and titanium or they can receive biological valves taken from donors which does not require the patient to take anticoagulant medication (blood thinning) for the rest of their life.
The decision between choosing a prosthetic or a donor valve is based off of the patient’s age, their ability to take anticoagulant medication, their occupation, the rhythm of their heart and several other factors. Your cardiac surgeon will help make the appropriate choice for your case.
There are 4 treatments:
- Pulmonary valve replacement.
- Aortic valve replacement.
- Tricuspid valve replacement.
- Mitral valve replacement.
Current valve substitute techniques include open heart surgical treatment, minimally invasive cardiac surgical procedure (MICS) and minimally intrusive, catheter-based (percutaneous) aortic valve substitute.
We currently offer this procedure in Europe